Spain once again postpones the decision on Alexandr Pavlov's extradition
© 25.10.2013

It is most likely that on 8 November, the Second Section the of the Criminal Division of the Supreme Court in Madrid (Audiencia Nacional) will make the final decision of Alexandr Pavlov's extradition from Spain. According to, among others, Amnesty International and the Open Dialog Foundation, in Kazakhstan, the former security chief of the Kazakh opposition politician, Mukhtar Ablyazov, will face torture and a show trial.

Human rights organisations indicate the political nature of Pavlov's case. They stress that Pavlov is a victim of a large-scale campaign targeted at political refugees from Kazakhstan residing in Europe. This is due to the fact that Pavlov used to be one of the closest associates of Mukhtar Ablyazov, a leading critic of the dictator Nursultan Nazarbayev. In the early years of this millennium, Pavlov was also engaged in the security of independent press offices. Recently, the case attracted the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). From the very beginning, Pavlov's detention prior to possible extradition has been accompanied by a number of controversial events. Immediately after Pavlov’s arrest, his mobile phone was stolen from the deposit. Based on the report of the National Intelligence Centre (CNI) of Spain, Pavlov was considered a threat to the internal security of Spain. This resulted in the refusal to grant him political asylum, and led to his detention in a high security prison, almost entirely isolating him from the outside world. The extraordinary proceedings, which resulted in this decision, prevented the preparation of a report by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

The credibility of the CNI's report has been raising serious doubts from the moment of its disclosure. Analysts of the state intelligence agency state directly that their analysis is based on information obtained from state media. They explain that they have no possibility to objectively verify the allegations of Kazakhstan, and that the available sources may be of limited reliability. This, however, did not prevent the agency from considering Pavlov a dangerous terrorist.

Applications for visiting with Pavlov, filed by many individuals and institutions, have been rejected. These applications were filed by non-governmental organisations involved in the defence of Pavlov, as well as Spanish (Fernando Maura Barandiarán) and Polish (Marcin Święcicki and Tomasz Makowski) MPs, and a Portuguese MP, Chair of the Committee on Democracy, Human Rights and Humanitarian Questions of the Parliamentary Assembly of the OSCE, Isabel Santos. The only people, to have seen Pavlov, are Kazakh diplomats (excluding the defence). Contrary to procedures, they were allowed to visit the prisoner without his consenting. During the meeting, they supposedly suggested to Pavlov that his refusal to cooperate with the security services of Kazakhstan might end badly for his family, who remained in the country.

Despite the assurances regarding the independence of the court and the lack of political pressure on its decisions, in the background of the process, there are still visible the extensive contacts and reciprocal visits by representatives of the governments of both countries, and the accompanying lucrative business contracts obtained by Spanish companies in Kazakhstan. In the years 2012 and 2013, in Kazakhstan, Talgo, a manufacturer of high-speed trains, signed agreements with a total value of 1 billion 482 million euros. This year, in June, the Kazakh Minister of Defence announced Kazakhstan's interest in acquisition of Casa C295 and Airbus A400M aircrafts produced in Spain. According to government sources, during the September visit of the Prime Minister, Mariano Rajoy, to Kazakhstan, new contracts in the value of 600 million euros, were concluded. Spain is also the first and only EU country to sign an extradition agreement with Kazakhstan. The agreement entered into force on 1 August, 2013.


Country Austria Belgium Czech Republic France Germany Italy Kazakhstan Poland Russia Spain Ukraine Topic Ablyazov Aix-en-Provence Aleksander Kwaśniewski Alexander Pavlov Alga! Aliyia Turusbekova Alma Shalabayeva Alua Ablyazova amnesty Amnesty International Ana Maria Gomes Angelino Alfano Antonin Lévy Astana asylum Audiencia Nacional Bill Browder Bolat Atabayev BTA Bank Bundestag Cassation Court Catherine Ashton Christiane Taubira Corbas Danielle Auroi Decembrists Democratic Choice of Kazakhstan Denis Grunis deportation economy EEAS Elena Valenciano Elisabeth Guigou Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement EU-Kazakhstan European Commission European Union extradition Federica Mogherini Fernando Maura Barandiaran Filippo Grandi Five Star Movement France Francois Hollande Frank Schwabe freedom of speech Garry Kasparov Home Office HRW human rights i-link Ignacio Sánchez Amor ill-treatment Ilyas Khrapunov Ilyashev & Partners international protection Interpol Iogan Merkel Irene Lozano ITAR-TASS Jacek Saryusz-Wolski Jaromír Štětina Jean-Claude Juncker Kazakhgate Kazakhstan Kazakhstan’s Prosecutor’s General Office Kazaword Kazimierz Michał Ujazdowski Kozlovska Kramek Laurent Fabius Lev Ponomarov Libero llyashev & Partners Lyon Lyudmyla Kozlovska Madina Ablyazova Mady Delvaux-Stehres Manuel Valls Manuela Serra Marcin Święcicki Marju Lauristin Mark Feygin Matteo Renzi Maurizio Improta Mediapart Michał Boni Ministry of Foreign Affairs Mukhtar Ablyazov Muratbek Ketebayev Nail Malyutin National Preventive Mechanism Nazarbayev Niccolo Rinaldi Nicolas Sarkozy non-refoulement principle Nursultan Nazarbayev Open Dialog PACE Pavel Svoboda Pavel Zabelin Peter Sahlas political asylum political persecution political prisoner prison privatization Process Rakhat Aliyev Ramazan Yesergepov rankings Red Alert Red Notice refugee status refugees release on parole repressions Russia Russian Federation Samruk-Kazyna Santer Sergey Duvanov Serhiy Khodakivskiy Solange Legras sources Spain Squarcini Statement Succession Sylvie Guillaume Syrym Shalabayev Tatiana Paraskevich the General Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine Thun Tomáš Zdechovský Tomasz Makowski Tony Blair torture trial Trofimov Tunne Kelam Ukraine unfair trial UNHCR United Nations Urko Aiartza Viktor Shokin Vitaliy Kasko Viviane Reding Vladimir Guzyr Vladimir Kozlov Warrant Yehor Sobolev Yevgeniy Zhovtis Yukos Zhanaozen Zinaida Mukhortova
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